Acme United Achieves Third Quarter Sales & Earnings Record Despite Challenging Environment

Acme United Corporation (US: ACU – $37.00) had a very good third quarter of 2021. For the quarter ended September 30, 2021, sales reached $47.9 million, compared to $43.3 million in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 11%.

The Company’s strong performance was even more highlighted in its third quarter earnings. Net income for the third quarter of 2021 was $2,046,000 or $0.50 per diluted share compared to a net income of $1,579,000 or $0.46 per diluted share for the same period of 2020, an increase 30% in net income and 9% in earnings per share.

Especially, strong demand for its first aid and cutting products contributed to the third quarter success. Moreover, sales to office customers rebounded strongly, and e-commerce revenues were robust.

The Westcott school and office products brand was again one of the strong contributors to Acme United’s third quarter Financials

A solid Outlook, Despite Concerns

In the past few quarters, Acme United, like almost every business worldwide, has faced many cost pressures, such as increased labor costs, extraordinarily high shipping costs and increased energy costs.

This all has caused inflation nearly across the board. As a result, the Company has been increasing its selling prices regularly, with success. Because most of Acme’s products sell well under $25, there isn’t so much resistance to higher prices. On the other hand, higher priced first aid kits for the industrial market are less price sensitive as there is a different market dynamic. The Company foresees more increased costs in 2022, and is as such already instituting new price increases.

Next to inflation concerns, Acme also has to deal with the global shipping crisis. In fact, the Company has a substantial amount of finished products in China waiting to be shipped. The containers will most likely be picked up in the current quarter. Fortunately, Acme had substantially increased its inventory to battle shipping delays (also see balance sheet below). This way, it is still able to fulfil orders, while many of its competitors can’t.

In another smart move by Acme’s management, the Company has acquired several U.S. and Canadian based factories in the past ten years. In 2011, Acme acquired Pac-Kit Safety Equipment Company in Norwalk, Connecticut. In 2014, it purchased First Aid Only in Vancouver, Washington. In 2016, the Company bought Diamond Machining Technology (DMT), which is located in Marlborough, Massachusetts. Early 2017, Spill Magic was acquired, which has facilities in Santa Ana, California and Smyrna, TN. In 2020, Acme acquired First Aid Central and Med-Nap LLC, both manufacturers of first aid supplies and respectively based in Quebec, Canada and Brooksville, Florida.

This way, the Company strategically diversified its portfolio of sourcing, while reducing its reliance on China.

Another piece of positive news is that the shipping issues at the Company’s Rocky Mount, North Carolina distribution facility are mostly resolved. Remember that in April 2021, a new warehouse management system was installed at the facility. As a result, nothing was shipped during ten days out of the warehouse. Unshipped orders at the end of June reached approximately $5 million, while in normal circumstances that would only have been about $1 million.

Although there are still some areas to improve, the system is now positioned to increase efficiencies to ship small parcels, track shipments more thoroughly and strengthen the overall operational control.

A Strong Performance in the U.S.

Acme United reports financial information on three separate business segments: the United States (including Asia), Canada and Europe.

Exact revenues per segment for the third quarter will be available in the 10-Q, which will be filed mid-November. However, Acme announced for each segment the percentage by which revenues increased or decreased compared with last year’s third quarter. Based on those numbers, we can give a fair estimate.

 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Amounts in $000’s
2021
2020
U.S.
41,040
32,780
Canada
3,585
1,775
Europe
3,298
2,440
Estimated sales per segment for the third quarter ended September 30, 2021 (Source: Smallcaps Investment Research) and actual sales per segment for the third quarter ended September 30, 2020 (Source: Company Filing)

Net sales in the U.S. segment increased 12% in the third quarter and 8% for the 9 months ended September 30. The Company benefited from excellent back-to-school sales, strong demand for Westcott cutting tools as people returned to their offices and excellent sell-through of craft products. the first aid and safety business also saw increased demand and e-commerce sales were strong.

In Europe, net sales for the third quarter of 2021 were constant in both U.S. dollars and local currency compared to the third quarter of 2020 due to the timing of several large orders in 2020. Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 increased 22% in U.S. dollars and 15% in local currency compared to the first nine months of 2020, mainly due to sales growth in the e-commerce channel across all product lines and market share gains in Westcott school and office products.

Net sales in Canada for the third quarter of 2021 increased 6% in U.S. dollars and were constant in local currency compared to the same period in 2020. Higher sales of First Aid Central products were offset by lower sales of school and office products. In 2020, back-to-school shipments of school and office products were delayed from the second quarter to the third quarter due to the COVID-19 lockdowns in the second quarter of 2020. Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 increased 33% in U.S. dollars and 23% in local currency compared to the first nine months of 2020 primarily to due to growth at First Aid Central, which has successfully added new multinational customers since its acquisition last year.

Third Quarter and Nine Months Financials

Acme’s net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $136.3 million, compared to $123.1 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of 11%.

Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, excluding the impact of the PPP loan forgiveness, was $7,814,000, or $1.97 per diluted share, compared to $6,055,000, or $1.75 per diluted share, in last year’s same period, increases of 29% and 13% respectively. Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, including the PPP loan forgiveness, was $11.3 million, or $2.85 per diluted share.

 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Amounts in $000’s
2021
2020
2021
2020
Net Sales
47,923
43,316
136,295
123,133
Cost of Goods Sold
30,918
28,360
87,550
78,594
S, G & A Expenses
14,044
12,832
39,028
36,023
Income From Operations
2,961
2,124
9,717
8,516
Interest Expense
228
168
671
722
Other Income (Expense)
68
35
213
(2)
PPP Loan Foriveness
3,508
Pre-Tax Income
2,665
1,991
12,341
7,792
Income Tax Expense
619
412
1,019
1,737
Net Income
2,046
1,579
11,322
6,055
Earnings Per Share – Diluted
0.50
0.46
2.85
1.75
Shares Out. – Diluted
4,058
3,461
3,969
3,454
Selected income statement data for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020. Source: Company Press Release

Probably the most astonishing feat by Acme United in the third quarter, was the fact that despite all the issues described above, the Company managed to increase its gross margin to 35.5% in the third quarter, up from 34.5% in Q3 2020.

SG&A expenses for the third quarter of 2021 were $14 million or 29.3% of sales compared with $12.8 million or 29.6% of sales for the same period of 2020. SG&A expenses for the first 9 months of 2021 were $39 million or 28.6% of sales compared with $36 million or 29.3% of sales in 2020.

Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2021

The Company’s bank debt less cash on September 30, 2021 was $38.1 million compared to $34.4 million on September 30, 2020.

Amounts in $000’s
September 30, 2021
September 30, 2020
Cash and Cash Equivalents
5,306
3,031
Accounts Receivable
36,088
32,154
Inventories
48,795
48,351
Total Current Assets
92,647
85,678
Property and Equipment
23,181
14,341
Total Assets
141,430
123,017
 
 
 
Accounts Payable
6,695
9,251
Other Accrued Liabilities
11,184
13,376
Total Current Liabilities
19,091
23,741
Bank Debt
40,454
30,703
Total Liabilities
64,881
62,421
Total Stockholder Equity
76,549
60,596
Selected balance sheet data for the quarters ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020. Source: Company Press Release

During the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2021, the Company paid approximately $9.3 million for the acquisition of the assets of Med-Nap LLC., distributed $1.7 million in dividends on its common stock, generated approximately $2 million in free cash flow, and received forgiveness for the PPP loan of $3.5 million.

Very interesting to note is that inventory levels remained equal to last year, despite the Company’s strong sales growth and external shipping chaos. The reason for this is that Acme began growing its global inventory by about 30% starting in June of 2020, because it rightfully feared supply chain disruptions from COVID-19 when workers in China left for their homes during Chinese New Year. This extra inventory provided a substantial cushion to meet customer requirements.

At the end of the third quarter of 2021, Acme had over $73 million in working capital (up from $62 million a year ago) and a strong current ratio of 4.85 (up from 3.60 last year).

Conclusion

The Company gave no guidance, but its Chairman and CEO Walter C. Johnsen said, “We believe we are well-positioned to respond to customer needs in the coming quarters. We’re converging on another successful year and anticipate record sales and earnings in 2021. Our sales of Westcott cutting tools continue to grow, and demand for our First Aid products is strong. We are optimistic about 2022.”

Acme United’s share price is down by 20% since April of this year, but there is absolutely no reason for this. The Company is achieving strong growth quarter after quarter and year after year, while many of its competitors are crumbling. It is doing so by being bold during these exceptional times.

While competitors are cutting back on advertising, cutting back on new product development, and firing people, Acme is doing the exact opposite. It is putting more money into online advertising, it has intensified product development, and is adding staff.

The Company is executing well, even in these challenging times. Sales are up, earnings are up and gross margin is up. Smallcaps Recommendation: BUY.

Smallcaps.us Advice: BuyPrice Target: $53.82Latest Company Report (pdf)
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